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Philosophy Essay

Philosophy Essay
Order Description
Write a three to four page (750 -1000 words) essay. Pick an article from the list at Essay Resources on the course menu. Find a scholarly article that has been written by one of the philosophers being studied throughout this course. You may use the Internet to download articles. If you have any questions, be sure to ask your instructor.

If you cannot find an article that you want to write about, ask your instructor for permission to choose another topic.
Choosing a quote page is not acceptable. (A quote page is a list of quotes from a particular philosopher.)
Some of these articles are quite lengthy. You may read first approximately 750-1000 words of your chosen article and write about the portion you read.
Summarize what you read and then write your own reflections. Consider the following: What have you learned in this class? Have your perspectives or ways of thinking changed or clarified? How do you feel about the article you read? How does it pertain to your life?
Be sure to cite your source.
These names and articles listed are included for research purposes. Articles can be reviewed or downloaded from Wikipedia (https://www.wikipedia.org) and other public domain sources. Articles not designated as from Wikipedia can be found at Gutenberg Project (https://www.gutenberg.org/), a source for e-books of historical and cultural significance.

Aquinas, Thomas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Aquinas
Summa Theologica, Part II-II (Secunda Secundae)
Summa Theologica, Part I (Prima Pars) From the Complete American Edition
Aristotle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristotle
Atomism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomism
Descartes, Rene https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Descartes
Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences https://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext93/dcart10.txt
Epictetus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epictetus
Golden Sayings of Epictetus (main page) https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/e#a452
Selected Discourses of Epcitetus (main page) https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/e#a452
Heidegger, Martin https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Heidegger
Hume, David https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Hume
A Treatise of Human Nature
James, William
Lectures of (A Pluralistic Universe)
Kent, Immanuel https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immanuel_Kant
Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals (main page) https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/k#a1426
Kierkegaard, Soren https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soren_Kierkegaard
Locke, John https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Locke
An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding, Volume 1 MDCXC, Based on the 2nd Edition, Books 1 and 2 https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/l#a2447
An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding, Volume 2 MDCXC, Based on the 2nd Edition, Books 3 and 4 https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/l#a2447
Second Treatise of Government https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/l#a2447
Marcus Aurelius https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius’s The Meditations https://classics.mit.edu//Antoninus/meditations.mb.txt
Marx, Karl https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Marx
Communist Manifesto
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte
Mill, John Stuart https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Stuart_Mill
The Subjugation of Women (About on wikipedia)
The Contest in America https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/m#a1705
Nietzsche, Friedrich https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nietzsche
Plato: Biography, Works, Metaphysics’s, Epistemology, etc. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plato
Plato’s Seventh Letter https://classics.mit.edu/Plato/seventh_letter.1b.txt
Protagoras (Plato) Discussion of the work at Wikipedia
Sophist (Plato) Discussion of the work at Wikipedia
Theaetus (Plato) Discussion of the work at Wikipedia
Pre-socatic Philosophy
Socrates
Wittgenstein, Ludwig: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Wittgenstein
Additional information: https://www.spaceandmotion.com/Greek-Philosophy-Philosophers.htm


Read chapters 30 and 31 (Thomson and Marquis) in Shafer-Landau’s “The Ethical Life” and respond to the following prompt:

What is the “extreme view”?  What are Thomson’s objections to the view?  Do you find her objections compelling?  Why or why not?

One and half page. MLA format. Due in 13 hours.
Attachments: 

chapters_30_and_31.pdf


Need in 10 hours a 4-6 page philisophy essay written on this prompt:

 

Cultural relativists argue that moral standards exist only within specific societies; that there are no objective, culturally independent standards of morality.  Many people reject this position because it entails strongly counter-intuitive consequences.  One of those counter-intuitive consequences of relativism is the claim that it isn’t really immoral for other cultures to adopt practices we find reprehensible (like slavery or the subjugation of women), since there is no objective basis by which we can judge other cultures.  But the relativist has a response to the counter-intuitive consequence of their theory. When someone insists that it is obvious that other cultures are wrong to adopt practices that our own culture claims is immoral, the relativist can simply say, “Of course these practices of other cultures strike you as immoral; that is just because they go against your own cultural bias.  Things that one society rejects will always strike members of that society as immoral.  Notice that there are many practices accepted by our own culture that members of other cultures find abhorrent.  It simply doesn’t follow that something practiced by one culture really is immoral just because members of a different culture think it is bad.  All you are doing is expressing your own cultural prejudice.”  After spelling all of this out a little more, adopt and promote one side of this debate.  Either extend and develop further this relativist response, or show how this relativist response can be answered.


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