1.Provide a discussion of the normal anatomy of endochondral versus intramembranous bone growth.
2.Describe the pathological (disease) processes involved in achondroplasia, and answer this question: Why do individuals with achondroplasia have a normal sized head but abnormally proportioned limbs?
3.Discuss how bone remodels throughout life and the healing process of a fracture.
all students to comply with APA style and format guidelines for proper citation of references. Use the formatting in your Background page as a model.
Your case assignments are considered scholarly works. Your final work should include a peer reviewed (scholarly) sources. Please use the formatting demonstrated in your Background section to cite the tutorials and readings in the â€œHandy Anatomy Answer Book.â€
Please keep in mind that you should not use sources such as â€œAnswers.comâ€ or â€œWikipediaâ€ or â€œWikianswers.â€ None of these are scholarly sources and they can be â€œmodifiedâ€ by any registered user which makes it unreliable. It could very well be that those who modify subjects in Wikipedia have a very good knowledge of the subject, however, since we have no way of knowing their credentials or intentions, we cannot guarantee that the source is reliable. It is a good place to start, but should not be used as factual in graduate writing.
Appropriate Headings and Paper Flow
Remember that you are preparing a formal academic paper. Your paper should make use of appropriate headings and subheadings. You should not cut and paste the questions posed and answer them like a â€œQuestion and Answerâ€ session. Your finished paper should read like an academic paper.
NOTE: This assignment will require you to engage in independent research to learn about achondroplasia and bone growth and repair throughout life. I have provided some resources for you on the ebrary bookshelf to get you started.
Bobick, J and Balaban, N. â€œSkeletal System.â€ Handy Anatomy Answer Book. Visible Ink Press. MI, USA. 2008 eISBN: 9781578592326
Brooks, Arthur. â€œMuscular and Skeletal System.â€ Systems of Our Body. Pgs. 87-96. Global Media. Delhi, India. 2007 eISBN: 9788189940829
Hall, BK. Bones and Cartilage: Developmental Skeletal Biology. Chapters 1-3. Academic Press, Jordan Hill, GBR. 2005 eISBN: 9780080454153
Pearson Learning Solutions: Skeletal System. Pearson Higher Education, 2014. Accessed on January 28, 2015 at http://www.pearsoncustom.com/mct-comprehensive/asset.php?isbn=1269879944&id=8143
Pearson Learning Solutions: Bone Growth and Development. Pearson Higher Education, 2014. Accessed on January 28, 2015 at http://www.pearsoncustom.com/mct-comprehensive/asset.php?isbn=1269879944&id=7703
Pearson Learning Solutions: Bone Repair. Pearson Higher Education, 2014. Accessed on January 28, 2015 at http://www.pearsoncustom.com/mct-comprehensive/asset.php?isbn=1269879944&id=7702